Resource Development and Grants
Whenever faculty, staff and administrators seek grant funding to support Chaffey College students and programs, the resource development office works with them to get those grants submitted. People applying for grants work with a specialist who assists with writing, approvals and proposal submissions required by the district and sponsoring agencies. The department reviews applications and makes recommendations to campus leaders. The department’s committee, comprised of staff from a cross-section of college departments, reviews “intent to apply” forms and provides additional guidance for grant development and active proposals. All grants and contracts require approval from the Chaffey College Governing Board, as well as approval of the direction and development of proposals by the associate superintendents of business services, economic development and student services. Grant proposal submissions require the superintendent/president’s authorization and signature.
Once approved, accounting services establishes grant accounts. Accounting and business services staff then move forward with development and management of grants. They work with the resource development specialist to ensure reasonable budget costs, compliance with sponsor guidelines and district policy. When grants fund new or existing employees, human resources provides support.
Primary Contact/Project Director
If you’re the faculty or staff member seeking the grant, you’re considered the primary contact on the application and will work with resource development during many steps of the process. Some grants require the hiring of a full-time project director. Primary contacts and project directors handle numerous duties, including:
- Assist in the conceptualization, development and writing of the grant proposal narrative and budget.
- Implement and conduct the project according to the sponsor requirements as stipulated in the terms and conditions in the notification of award (NOA) and incompliance with the sponsor’s policies.
- Obtain sponsor approval for budgetary changes or changes in the scope and objectives of the project.
- Notify accounting services, the resource development office and/or the Chaffey College Foundation of any sponsor approved changes to the budget, objectives or scope of the project.
- Supervise all budget expenditures in conformity with the approved budget and the College and sponsor policies.
- Complete quarterly and annual reports as required by the sponsor. Submit original reports to Accounting and Business Services for review and approval. Once approved, reports will be forwarded to the associate superintendent for business services and economic development for final signature and approval then returned to the primary contact/project director. Reports must be submitted at least 10 business days prior to the sponsor’s due date.
- Maintain detailed and accurate records of project activities and services including milestones, project accomplishments and progress toward reaching the stated goals and objectives of the project.
- Ensure no conflicts of interest are involved with the project, including subcontracting. Adhere by the college’s policies and applicable laws regarding conflict of interest.
- Adhere to all pertinent policies and law regarding the stewardship of grant funds to institutions of higher education.
Resource Development Specialist
5885 Haven Avenue, AD 109B
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91737-3002
Resource Development Office
MaryAnn Doherty, M.P.A.
Resource Development Specialist
5885 Haven Ave., AD 109B
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91737-3002
Institutional Name and Address
5885 Haven Avenue
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91737-3002
Resource Development Office: https://www.chaffey.edu/grants [NOTE: need new URL for this]
County: San Bernardino
Type of Institution
Public or state controlled insitution of higher education
Hispanic Serving Institution (designated by the U.S. Department of Education)
Postsecondary Minority Serving Institution (designated by the U.S. Department of Education)
U.S. Congressional District
State Assembly District
State Senate District
Federal Employer Identification Number (EIN/TIN): 956000558
Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS): 0760843260000
Frequently Asked Questions
Question: I have an idea for a grant. Who do I talk to?
Answer: The resource development office is located on the Rancho Cucamonga campus in AD 109B. MaryAnn Doherty, resource development specialist, can be reached via phone at 909-652-6469 or via email at email@example.com.
The first step in pursuing an idea for a grant proposal is completing the grant idea form and returning it to the resource development office. The grant idea form is intended for faculty or staff who wish to pursue grant funding for a project or event but who have not yet identified a funding source.
Question: How do I find grant opportunities for my project?
Answer: The resource development office assists faculty and staff with identifying appropriate funding opportunities. Chaffey College has access to several websites and online funding databases that post new funding opportunities as they are published. These sites include grants.gov, which catalogs all federal opportunities, and SPIN by InfoEd Global, a searchable subscription database of funding opportunities from state, federal, private, corporate and other sponsors. The resource development office is available to assist you in exploring these and other resources to identify potential funding opportunities.
Question: I heard about grant funding available for programs like mine. How do I pursue the opportunity?
Answer: If you’ve already identified a potential funding source, you should complete an “Intent to Apply Form” and submit it to the resource development office. The intent to apply form contains preliminary details about your project and the funding opportunity. The resource development committee will review the form and make a recommendation to the associate superintendent of business services and economic development. A final decision from the associate superintendent on whether or not to pursue the grant opportunity will be provided to the primary contact within ten business days.
Question: How does a grant get developed? Do I write it myself?
Answer: Writing a grant proposal is truly a team effort and involves cooperation from several key departments and personnel at Chaffey College. The resource development office facilitates and coordinates these efforts by assembling a grant writing team comprised of faculty and staff involved with the project. The team will be responsible for providing direction in the development of the grant narrative and budget. Individual members may be assigned specific tasks such as researching costs for textbooks and supplies or writing small components of the grant narrative. College departments also contributing to the proposal development include budgeting and account services, human resources, instructional technology services and institutional research.
Question: I’m not sure how to fill out the grant application. Who do I ask for help?
Answer: The resource development office will assist in the preparation of the grant application including completing all required forms, assembling any supplementary documents or appendices, collecting letters of commitment, obtaining final signatures required for the authorization to submit form and actually submitting the application to the sponsor.
Question: What information needs to be included in a grant proposal application?
Answer: Information will vary depending on the sponsoring agency and the specific grant application requirements. Working with the resource development office is the best approach to ensure you are including all the appropriate and required information and documents with your grant proposal application.
Question: What offices at Chaffey are responsible for handling external funding requests (i.e. grants and contracts)?
Answer: The resource development office, institutional research, community education and Chaffey College Foundation offices work collaboratively to assist faculty, staff and administrators in the submission of grant proposals to secure extramural funding.
Question: What is the difference between the resource development office and the Chaffey College Foundation?
Answer: The most important difference is that the foundation is a nonprofit organization and retains a 501(c)(3) status with the Internal Revenue Service. Some funding sponsors limit eligible applicants to nonprofit organizations. In these cases, the Chaffey College Foundation submits the grant application on behalf of the college and provides the required supporting documents that establish our eligibility to the sponsor. All grants not requiring non-profit status are supported and submitted via the resource development office.
Question: How are decisions about grant applications made? Who decides which grants the college will submit?
Answer: The resource development committee, comprised of administrators, faculty and staff meet regularly to review potential funding opportunities. When a faculty, staff or administrator complete and submit an intent to apply form, the committee reviews the form and application instructions and evaluates the information based on a scoring rubric designed to address how closely the proposed project aligns to the college’s strategic vision and president’s goals, campus/community need for the project, financial impact to the campus and our ability respond to the sponsor’s requirements in a timely manner. The committee then makes a recommendation to the associate superintendents for business services and economic development and instruction and student services on whether to pursue, pursue with reservations, table for further development or decline to pursue the grant opportunity. Primary contacts/project directors will be notified of the associate superintendents' decision within 14 business days. Opportunities that are tabled or declined to pursue may be appealed for reconsideration by the executive committee.
Question: How is a grant actually submitted?
Answer: The submission process will vary according to the sponsor’s requirements. Most grant applications today are submitted electronically via an Internet portal. For example, most federal grant applications must be submitted via the grants.gov website. Other sponsors such as corporate or private foundations may have similar web portals for submission. Only authorized representatives from the resource development office and the Chaffey College Foundation have the authority to submit grant applications on behalf of the college. The superintendent/president and Governing Board reserve the right to refuse grant awards which have not been vetted through the Chaffey College grants process.
Question: Can individual faculty or staff submit a proposal independent of Chaffey College or the Foundation?
Answer: No. All requests for extramural funding in the form of grant proposals and grant applications must be submitted through either the Chaffey College Resource Development Office or the Chaffey College Foundation if the funds will be received and managed by the college or foundation. The superintendent/president and the Governing Board may exercise their right to refuse funds awarded to the College or Foundation if proposals are not submitted through the college’s grant proposal process.
Glossary of Grant Terms
501(c)(3): The section of the internal revenue code defining nonprofit, charitable, tax-exempt organizations. Many private foundations and other funding sponsors limit their giving to organizations with 501(c)(3) status. The Chaffey College Foundation has 501(c)(3) status. Grant applications submitted to sponsors requiring recipients to have nonprofit status must be authorized by and submitted through the Foundation office. The Foundation is the stewardship agent for these grant awards.
Agency: A branch of federal, state or local government (i.e. Department of Education, National Endowment for the Humanities, etc.). Agencies often further their mission and programs by sponsoring programmatic or research project.
Allowable Costs: An expenditure approved for the funded project as determined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the sponsor’s requirements and/or Chaffey College policies. Only allowable funds may be requested in grant budgets and charged to the grant account. OMB Circular A-21 defines allowable costs as:
- Allocable to the project
- Given consistent treatment by the use of generally accepted accounting principles
- Conform to any limitations or exclusions set forth by the sponsored agreement or OMB Circular A-21
Amendment: Any change(s) made to an existing sponsored project agreement.
Annual Report: Many sponsoring agencies require grant recipients to provide an annual report documenting the progress of their award at meeting the goals and objectives detailed in the grant application. Annual reports vary in format from simple printed documents listing the year’s grants to detailed publications that provide substantial information about the sponsored project.
Application Notice: A notice published in the Federal Register soliciting applications for one or more discretionary grant or cooperative agreement competition. Application Notices give basic program and fiscal information such as total funding available for the program, maximum amount applicants are allowed to request and anticipated average award. Application Notices also provide application guidelines and submission deadline information.
Application Package: A packet, either electronic or paper, containing the application notice, information and all forms required for applying for a grant competition.
Applicant: The legal applicant for grant applications requiring 501(c)(3) status is the Chaffey Foundation. The legal applicant for all other grant applications is Chaffey College. Only designated representatives from the resource development office or Chaffey Foundation are authorized to sign-off and submit applications on behalf of the college or Foundation.
Application: The electronic or paper document resenting a project proposal and funding request to a sponsoring agency. The application may be a letter proposal, a response to an application notice or request for proposals, or a formal application to a federal or state granting agency or foundation.
Authorizing Official (Signature): A designated representative of the college who is authorized by the superintendent/president and Governing Board to sign-off on and submit grant proposals and contracts on behalf of the college. Only designated representatives from the resource development office or Chaffey Foundation are authorized to sign-off and submit applications on behalf of the college or Foundation.
Award: A legally binding document that notifies the recipient and others that a grant or cooperative agreement has been made. The award contains or references all terms of the award and documents the obligation of federal funds.
Basic Agreement: A formal written document between the funding source and the university specifying the scope and work of a project to be completed within a specified time frame. Basic agreements may take the form of a grant or contract.
Budget: An estimate of the expenditures expected to be incurred in the performance of a proposed statement of work or the financial plan or cost assessment for a grant proposal or contract. The budget represents all costs associated with the implementation of a grant project or contracted agreement.
Budget Adjustment: The act of amending the budget by moving funds from one category or line item to another.
Budget Narrative: A document included with the application package which, in narrative form, describes the budgeted expenditures and activities in greater detail. For example, a line item for travel may include $1,500. In the budget narrative will include a breakdown of those costs (i.e. $500 for rental of three school buses to transport transferring student to local college/university tours).
Budget Period: The interval of time into which a project period is divided for budgetary purposes, usually 12 months.
Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CDFA) Number: A unique identifying number for a federal assistance program which includes a unique two-digit prefix to identify the federal agency (i.e. “84” for the Department of Education), followed by a period and a unique three digit code for each authorized program. Alpha-designations may be added to some programs to distinguish among competitions when multiple competitions are based on the same program.
Certifications (Assurances): A written statement signed by a designated authorized representative of the college from either the Resource Development or Foundation offices which certify that the college is in compliance with federal or state regulations.
Close Out: The act of completing all internal procedures and sponsor requirements to terminate or complete a grant funded project or contract agreement.
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR): The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) annual edition is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the departments and agencies of the Federal Government. It is divided into 50 titles that represent broad areas subject to Federal regulation. The 50 subject matter titles contain one or more individual volumes, which are updated once each calendar year, on a staggered basis.
Collaborator: An individual who collaborates with a grant’s project director in the development, implementation or activities of a funded project. A collaborator typically devotes a percentage of his/her effort to the project and is identified a key personnel in the grant application.
Competing Continuation Application: A request to extend financial assistance for one or more additional budget periods for a project that would otherwise terminate. Competing continuation applications compete with other competing continuation, competing supplemental and new applicants for funds. In some cases applicants with competing continuations receive additional points toward their applications score based on documented success of their prior year activities, or prior experience points.
Conflict of Interest: Circumstances in which an individual’s legal or moral obligations to an employer or other party conflict with or are negatively affect by his/her personal interests, financial or otherwise.
Congressional Legislative District (U.S.): Chaffey College Rancho Cucamonga is located in Congressional District CA-026. The Chino Campus is located in CA-042. The Fontana Campus is located in CA-043.
Consortium: A consortium is two or more institutions working on the same research project. Either each institution is funded directly by the supporting agency or one institution serves as the primary recipient and issues sub-awards to the other members of the consortium.
Consortium Agreement: A collaborative arrangement in support of a grant project in which some portion of the project is carried out through a formal agreement between the college and one or more outside partner organizations/institutions.
Consultant: A person paid to work on an externally funded project who is not an employee of the college. A consultant is an expert in the field participating in a short-term, limited and specifically defined role to deliver services consistent with the goals and objectives of the grant or contract. A consultant is not paid as an employee but as an independent contractor with the college. In some cases a granting agency may specify consulting rates or limitations on the amount of service that can be performed.
Continuation Award: Additional funding awarded to the same grant for a budget period following the initial budget period of a multi-year grant or cooperative agreement.
Continuation Proposal/Renewal Proposal: Additional funding increments for projects beyond the original grant period. See specific sponsor guidelines for submission requirements.
Contract: An oral, written or otherwise manifest agreement between two or more parties in which an offer is made and accepted and each party benefits.
Cooperative Agreement: An application for funding which, if awarded, will require the substantial involvement of personnel from the grant-funding agency. This type of award is commonly used by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Corporate Giving Program: A grant-making program established and administered within a profit-making corporation or company. The amount of a corporate giving program is usually tied to the previous year’s profits and sometimes tied to company-sponsored foundations. Corporate giving programs often have a specific focus (i.e. youth and the arts, community health, etc.).
Cost Reimbursement: A sponsored project agreement that requires the funding recipient to invoice the sponsor after-the-fact for reimbursement of allowable costs incurred in the performance of a project.
Cost Sharing: The College’s support of a project through cash or in-kind services. Cost-sharing requirements vary, but they generally represent a percentage of the total project costs. Some grants have specific requirements for cost sharing on grant projects, others do not. When cost sharing is included in a grant proposal or funding agreement, those costs must be documented and tracks for auditing purposes. Acceptable cost sharing must include the following:
- Must be verifiable by Chaffey financial records
- Must be allowable, allocable, reasonable and necessary for proper and efficient achievement of project-specific objectives
- Must not be used for cost sharing on other federally funded project, except where authorized by federal statue
- Must not be included as contributions for any other project
- Must be directly identifiable with the sponsored project as outlined in the proposal budget and/or budget narrative and therefore incorporated in the award notice
Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS): A unique identification number provided by the commercial company Dun & Bradstreet. Chaffey’s DUNS number for grants and contracts is 076084326000. Federal and state sponsoring agencies require the DUNS number on application forms.
Deadline: The published date and/or time that a grant application is to be either postmarked or received by the sponsoring agency.
Direct Costs: Direct costs charged to the sponsored project must be allowable, allocable and reasonable. Direct costs can be identified specifically with the activities and services of a specific sponsored project with a high degree of accuracy. Direct costs to not include overhead ot other indirect costs. Examples of direct costs include:
- Salaries, wages and/or fringe benefits for employees performing work for the project
- Costs of materials and supplies used in the performance of work
- Other items of expense incurred for the project provided the costs are consistently treated in like circumstances
Disallowed Costs (Unallowable Costs): Charges to an award that the awarding agency determines to be unallowable in accordance with the applicable federal cost principles or other terms and conditions contained in the award.
Education Department General Administrative Regulations (EDGAR): Is Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CRF) of the codified general and permanent rules governing grants and contracts issued by the U.S. Department of Education.
Effective Date: The date specified in an award document signifying the official start of an award.
Effort: The amount of time, generally expressed as a percentage of the total, that a faculty or staff member spends on a sponsored project. No employee is allowed to spend more than 100% total time on all academic activities, including grant-funded projects, teaching, administration, advising and other duties.
Entity Identification Number (EIN): Chaffey’s EIN number is 956000558.
Equipment: Articles of non-expendable, tangible personal property with a useful life of more than one year and costing $5,000 or more for a single unit. Equipment does not consist of a replacement part or component that returns a piece of equipment to its original condition.
Extramural Funds: Funding for research, training or public service programs provided by federal, state or private sources outside the college.
Facilities and Administrative (F&A) Costs: Also referred to as indirect costs, overhead, overhead costs or administrative costs. Reimbursement for actual college expenses that support extramural activities but cannot be directly charged to a specific grant or contract. F&A costs result from shared services such as libraries, plan operations and maintenance, utility costs, general department and sponsored projects administrative expenses and deprecation or use allowances for buildings and equipment. Chaffey College has a federally negotiated F&A Cost rate of 30%. When developing a proposal budget, this rate should be applied to the Modified Total Direct Cost (MTCD) and included as a line item. A lower rate may be applied if the sponsor specifically limits the amount of F&A costs an applicant can request.
Federal Register: The official government daily journal that reports all legislative actions of Congress, including the appropriation of funds to special programs and the guidelines and regulations used to award those funds to award recipients. Program guidelines and requests for comments on proposed guidelines and regulations are also published in the Federal Register.
Financial Report: A report generated by the College’s Business Services Office which is sent to the funding agency to report the actual expenditures on a grant or contract annually and at the end of the project.
Final Report: The final technical or financial report required by the sponsor at the end of a project.
Fiscal Year: any 12 month accounting period. The fiscal year for Chaffey College and California begins on July 1st and ends on June 30th. The Federal Government fiscal year begins on October 1st and ends on September 30th. The first day of the calendar year is often the beginning of the fiscal year for corporations and foundations. Most external grants are awarded based on the fiscal year of the sponsoring agency.
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA): A federal statute that requires full or partial public disclosure or information and documents controlled by the U.S. government. FOIA applies to federal agencies and does not create a right of access to records held by Congress, the courts or by state and local government. Under FOIA, a prospective applicant to a grant opportunity can request a copy of a successfully awarded proposal from the program office.
Full Proposal: Any proposal submitted by a Chaffey employee to an outside entity that may lead directly to an award. A full proposal may be an expanded version of a preliminary or preproposal providing a detailed statement of the proposed project. The full proposal constitutes a final application to the sponsor and should be prepare with the care and thoroughness of a paper submitted for publication. All proposals require and institutional endorsement from the Vice President for Administrative Services, the appropriate Associate Superintendent or Vice President for the requested area, the Superintendent/President, the Resource Development Office and, in the case of submissions to a foundation, the Foundation Office.
Funding Criteria: The review criteria associated with the evaluation of a proposal for funding. For federally sponsored programs, the criteria are printed in the program guidelines or the Federal Register and often follow a specific point system.
Gift: At Chaffey College a monetary contribution of general or unrestricted support for broadly defined activities in one or more program areas constitutes a gift. To qualify as a gift, funds must meet all the following criteria:
- Detailed reports (interim, final, fiscal or technical) are not required
- No provisions (delays or advance notice) are imposed by the donor concerning publication of data and information derived from the activity
- No specific time limit to the expenditures of funds
- Rights to any patent or copyright are not retained by the donor
Gift in Kind: A non-monetary gift of personal or real property.
Grant: A grant represents a mutual joining of interests on the part of the grantor (sponsoring agency) and grantee institution (Chaffey College) in the pursuit of common objectives. The relationship of trust imposes upon the grantee institution the responsibility to ensure that the grant funds are used for the purpose for which they were awarded. A grant is distinguished from a contract in that a grant does not constitute the procurement of goods or services by the grantor.
Grants are usually awarded from federal, state, local, foundation or corporate entities. There are several specific types of grants which include the following:
- Challenge Grants are awarded and paid only if the grantee institution is able to raise a specified amount of additional funds.
- Consortium Grants are made to one institution in support of a project carried out through cooperative arrangement between or among the grantee institution and one or more participating institutions.
- Continuation Grants are awarded for the continuation of a previously funded project. It is usually not competitive with other proposals but is contingent upon successful performance in the previous year and the availability of funds from the sponsor.
- Demonstration Grants are made to establish or demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative theory, activity or approach.
- Formula or Block Grants are awarded on the basis of some formula for distribution prescribed by legislative or executive direction.
Grant Closeout: The final stage in the lifecycle of a grant or cooperative agreement. During this phase, the funding agency ensures that all applicable administrative actions and required work of a discretionary grant or cooperative agreement have been completed by the grantee. The funding agency also reconciles and makes any final fiscal adjustments to a grantee’s account.
Grantee: A grantee is the legal recipient of a grant. When the college accepts a grant award on behalf of the individual(s) who submitted it, it becomes the grantee and is legally responsible for following the terms and conditions of the award including all reporting and fiscal requirements.
Grantor: The funding agency or source that has agreed to provide financial support to a grantee in the form of a grant or cooperative agreement.
Grants Officer: The official authorized to take final action on a grant. At Chaffey College the Resource Development Specialist serves as the college’s Grants Officer.
Guidelines: The document that outlines program goals to be addressed in a proposal and provides specific instructions on what content to include in a proposal, the format it should take and the funding criteria.
HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act): A federal statute which regulates the use and disclosure of protected health information which is defined as information about health status, provision of health care, or payment of health care that can be linked to an individual, including any part of a patient’s medical record or payment history.
Hispanic Servicing Institutions (HSIs): An accredited and degree-granting public or private nonprofit institution of higher education with 25 percent or greater total undergraduate students of Hispanic descent, full-time equivalent student enrollment.
Human Subjects: A living individual about whom an investigator conducting research obtains data through intervention or interaction with the individual which includes identifiable private information. On the federal level, the National Science Foundation sets policies regarding the use of human subjects in research.
Indirect Costs: (See Facilities and Administrative (F&A) Costs).
In-Kind Contribution: A non-cash commitment (i.e. time and effort, use of facilities, etc.) to share the cost of a sponsored project. This type of contribution may require written documentation and be subject to audit.
Institutional Authorized Officials: Individuals authorized by Chaffey College to sign grants, contracts and agreements on behalf of the college.
Key Personnel: All individuals who participate in and are paid from the grant for the time and effort they contribute to the implementation and execution of the project.
Letter of Inquiry: A letter of Inquiry is initiated by an applicant to determine if a proposed project is within a private agency’s fundable program areas and to request agency policy and program information including application instructions and forms.
Letter of Intent: A letter of intent notifies a funding agency that an application will be submitted in response to their solicitation. The letter may contain general program information, unofficial cost estimates and a request for application guidelines, instructions and forms.
Letter of Support or Commitment: A letter from a collaborator or other interested party which states their support of the project or lists specific and tangible commitments (i.e. use of facilities, donation of time and effort, supplies, etc.) they are willing to contribute to the project.
Lobbying Certification: (See Certifications).
Matching Funds: A cash commitment to share the costs of a sponsored project (also see Cost Sharing). Matching funds must be supplied by the grantee as cash or in-kind contributions depending on the grantor’s requirements. The grantor may require a specific percent match.
Memorandum of Understanding (MOU): A written agreement between two or more parties which delineates the tasks, jurisdiction, standard operating procedures or other matters which the agency or units are duly authorized and directed to conduct.
Modified Total Direct Costs (MTDC, MTDC Base or Base): MTDC is the Total Direct Costs (TDC) minus “…equipment, capital expenditures, charges for patient care and tuition remission, long term space rental costs, scholarships and fellowships as well as the portion of each sub-grant and subcontract in excess of $25,000” (OBM Circular A-21). Some sponsors also require that participant costs (i.e. participant stipends or participant travel) be excluded from MTDC.
No-Cost Extension (NCE): Provides for an additional period of performance to accomplish project goals without awarding additional funds. Permission for NCE must be requested from the sponsor.
Non-competing Continuation Application: A request for financial or direct assistance for a second or subsequent budget period within a previously approved project period.
Notice of Award (NOA): (See Award).
Office of Management and Budget (OMB): A branch of the Executive Office of the President. OMB helps the president formulate spending plans, evaluates the effectiveness of agency programs, policies and procedures, assesses competing funding demands among agencies and sets funding priorities. OMB ensures agency reports, rules, testimony and proposed legislation are consistent with the president’s budget and with administrative policies.
OMB Circular A-21: “Principles for Determining Costs Applicable to Grants, Contracts, and Other Agreements with Educational Institutions.”
OMB Circular A-110: “Grants and Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals, and Other Non-Profit Organizations.”
OMB Circular A-133: “Audits of States, Local Governments and Non-Profit Organizations.”
Outcomes: The changes in or benefits achieved by participants due to their participation in program activities. This may include changes to participants’ knowledge, skills, values, behavior or condition of status.
Overhead: (See Facilities and Administrative (F&A) Costs).
Participant: Project participants are the recipients of service or training provided at a workshop, conference, seminar, symposium or other short-term instructional or information-sharing activity funded by a grant funded project. Participant can also be the training beneficiaries of the grant funded project. Participants are not involved in providing any deliverable to the university or a third party or would not be terminated or replaced for failure to perform.
Participant Costs: Costs used to pay program participants small stipends and reimbursement of travel costs or other out-of-pocket costs incurred to support attendance at a workshop, conference, seminar, symposium or other short-term training or information-sharing activity.
Peer Review: A process used by many federal and some private funding agencies where committees of experienced researchers or professionals in the same topical area review, score and recommend grant applications for funding to the agency.
Preliminary Proposal or Pre-proposal: A brief outline or narrative of a proposed project sometimes including a preliminary budget for informal review by a sponsor to determine whether a full proposal should be submitted.
Primary Contact: The person approved to coordinate with the Resource Development Specialist on the development, writing and submission of a grant proposal. The Primary Contact serves as the official point of contact on the grant application forms and bears responsibility for implementing the project when funded. In some cases, the Primary Contact will also serve as the Project Director. At Chaffey College Deans and managerial staff may serve as a primary contact on a grant proposal.
Prior Approval: Written approval from an authorized individual at the sponsoring agency evidencing prior consent. For example, some agencies require grantees to obtain prior approval if they plan to transfer more than 10% of the budget to different line items.
Private Foundation: A nongovernmental, nonprofit organization with funds and program managed by its own trustees or directors. Private foundations are established to maintain or aid social, educational, religious or other charitable activities serving the common welfare, primarily through the making of grants.
Program or Project: An organized set of services designed to achieve specific outcomes for a specified population that will continue beyond the grant period.
Program Announcement: A generic funding opportunity accompanied by agency approved merit review.
Program Income: The gross income earned by a grant project from the activities part or all of which are borne as a direct cost by the grant. Examples ore fees for services performed under the grant, rental or usage fees charged for use of equipment purchased with grant funds, funds generated from the sale of event tickets for performances or exhibits organized and paid for by the grant.
Program Officer: An employee of the grantee agency who oversees applications, funded projects and sometimes evaluates or determines funding for proposals. In federal agencies program officers have research and academic backgrounds similar to those of the applicants.
Progress Report: Periodic, scheduled reports required by the sponsor summarizing research or project progress to date.
Project Director: In some cases the Primary Contact will serve as the Project Director when a proposal is funded. In other cases, the sponsoring agency may require a 100% full-time Project Director requiring creation of a new position and recruitment. In this case, the newly hired Project Director will assume responsibilities for the grant from the Primary Contact becoming the official point of contact and assuming responsibility for implementing the project.
Proposal: A written statement/document establishing project need, objectives, methodology, qualifications of key personnel, budget, budget narrative, institutional commitment and program evaluation for a funded project.
Re-budgeting: Reallocation of funds available for spending between budget categories to allow best use of funds to accomplish the project goals.
Renewal: A competitively reviewed proposal requesting assistance directly from an awarding agency to carry out a project or program.
Request for Applications (RFA)/Request for Proposals (RFP): An RFA/RFP contains instructions and information required to complete and submit a grant application.
Resubmission: A request for funding from a sponsor for a proposal that has been previously rejected by the same sponsor. Occasionally, sponsors will request that an applicant make certain changes to a proposal and resubmit it. If a proposal has been substantially revised, or if the changes have not been made at the request of the sponsor, the proposal is considered a new application.
Revised Budget: A revision of the budget for a previously submitted proposal that is submitted to a sponsor at their request. The sponsor will generally suggest areas and categories that should be revised. Revised budget requests usually occur when the sponsor funds a grant application at a level that differs from the original request.
Scope of Work: The description of the work to be performed and completed on a grant project. A Scope of Work is required but not submitted with the application for all subawards associated with a grant application.
Seed Money: A grant used to start a new project which may cover salaries and other operating expenses for the project.
Site Visit: A visit by funding agency staff to determine adequacy of staff and facilities to determine initial funding to assess progress on a continuing project.
Sponsor: An external funding source that enters into an agreement with the college to support research, instruction, public service or other sponsored activities. Sponsors include private businesses, corporations, foundations and other not-for-profit organizations, other colleges/universities, and federal, state and local governments.
Sponsored Project: A project supported by an external funding source under a mutually binding agreement that restricts the use of funds to the approved project and stipulates other conditions with which the college must comply. Sponsored projects generally:
- Are initiated by a formal proposal and award notice
- Are restricted to a specific purpose as described in the proposal
- Require technical and/or financial reports
- Entail other administrative requirements
Sub-award: A mechanism used to provide funding to an institution (subrecipient) collaborating with the lead institution (prime awardee/recipient) in the performance of a funded project. The sub-award is formalized with a sub-award agreement.
Subcontract: A contract between a prime contractor and a subcontractor to furnish supplies or services for the performance of a prime contract.
Subcontractor: A party that enters into and performs a subcontract.
Submission Window: Designated periods of time during which proposals will be accepted for review.
Sub-recipient: The legal entity to which a sub-award is made and which is accountable to the prime awardee for the use of the funds provided.
Terms of Award: All legal requirements imposed on a grant by the federal government through statutes, regulations or terms in the grant award document. Each Notice of Award may include standard and special provisions considered necessary to attain the objectives of the grant, facilitate post-award administration of the grant, conserve grant funds, or otherwise protect the federal government’s interests.
Timeline: A schematic or description of the goals, objectives, benchmarks and activities within a specified time set for reaching completion. Timelines may also include people responsible and measurable outcomes or products.
Total Direct Costs: The sum of all direct costs in a proposal budget (See Direct Costs).
Training Grant: Grant funded programs which provide instructional activities for participants.
Transmittal: Formal legal mailing or electronic submission of the proposal to the funding agency.
Unallowable Costs: Specific categories of costs that cannot be charged directly or indirectly to federally funded sponsored projects in accordance with federal regulations.
Unrestricted Funds: Moneys with no requirements or restrictions. Grants, contracts and cooperative agreements are considered restricted funds. Gifts are considered unrestricted funds.
Unsolicited Proposal: A proposal submitted to a sponsor that is not in response to a RFP, RFA or Program Announcement.
Voluntary Cost Sharing: Cost sharing which is not required by the sponsor or shown on the proposal budget. Voluntary sharing is usually reported as cost sharing and must be documented through time and effort reporting.
Work: An original creation of authorship produced in a tangible medium including literary pieces, musical compositions, dramatic selections, dances, photographs, drawings, paintings, sculpture, video, sound recordings, computer software programs and other tangible assets.
Grant Writing Resources
Agency Specific Guidelines
Grant Writing Guides & Articles
The Art of Writing Proposals, Social Science Research Council
Developing a Successful Grant Proposal, Dr. Joan Fulton, Purdue University
How to Write an Outreach Grant Proposal, Karen Markin, The Chronicle of Higher Education
Proposal Writing Short Course, The Foundation Center
Writing from the Winner's Circle: A Guide to Preparing Competitive Grant Proposals, Dr. David Stanley
The resource development office has copies of successfully funded grants from several federal and non-profit funding agencies. Contact MaryAnn Doherty, resource development specialist to view proposal samples.
By request, the resource development office can request additional samples of federal proposals through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). Please contact the office for more details.